Jesus and the Woman at the Well


The parables Jesus told aren’t just quaint stories. They’re filled with powerful secrets that reveal the mysteries of God’s kingdom.

In this excerpt, Fr. Walshe takes a look at the Gospel reading from this past weekend, the third Sunday in Lent...

One of the most remarkable conversions that Jesus brought about in his lifetime was the conversion of a Samaritan woman in John chapter 4. And through her, he prepared the way of conversion for many Samaritans. Man teaches through external words and signs, but God is able to instruct and enlighten from within. This conversation relates how the divinity and the humanity of our Savior cooperate in marvelous fashion to bring about the conversion of a Samaritan woman. In some way, this conversion serves as a model or archetype of the conversion of every soul, as a careful reading of the text will confirm.

He had to pass through Samaria. So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of land that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob’s well was there. Jesus, tired from his journey, sat down there at the well. It was about noon. A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, “Give me a drink.” His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.

The Samaritan woman said to him, “How can you, a Jew, ask me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink?” (For Jews use nothing in common with Samaritans.) Jesus answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of God and who is saying to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.” [The woman] said to him, “Sir, you do not even have a bucket and the well is deep; where then can you get this living water? Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well and drank from it himself with his children and his flocks?”

Jesus answered and said to her, “Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again; but whoever drinks the water I shall give will never thirst; the water I shall give will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” The woman said to him, “Sir, give me this water, so that I may not be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.” Jesus said to her, “Go call your husband and come back.” The woman answered and said to him, “I do not have a husband.” Jesus answered her, “You are right in saying, ‘I do not have a husband.’ For you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true.” The woman said to him, “Sir, I can see that you are a prophet. Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain; but you people say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem.”

Jesus said to her, “Believe me, woman, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You people worship what you do not understand; we worship what we understand, because salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; and indeed the Father seeks such people to worship him. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.” The woman said to him, “I know that the Messiah is coming, the one called the Anointed; when he comes, he will tell us everything.”

Jesus said to her, “I am he, the one who is speaking with you.”

At that moment his disciples returned, and were amazed that he was talking with a woman, but still no one said, “What are you looking for?” or “Why are you talking with her?” The woman left her water jar and went into the town and said to the people, “Come see a man who told me everything I have done. Could he possibly be the Messiah?” They went out of the town and came to him.

Meanwhile, the disciples urged him, “Rabbi, eat.” But he said to them, “I have food to eat of which you do not know.” So the disciples said to one another, “Could someone have brought him something to eat?” Jesus said to them, “My food is to do the will of the one who sent me and to finish his work. Do you not say, ‘In four months the harvest will be here’? I tell you, look up and see the fields ripe for the harvest. The reaper is already receiving his payment and gathering crops for eternal life, so that the sower and reaper can rejoice together. For here the saying is verified that ‘One sows and another reaps.’ I sent you to reap what you have not worked for; others have done the work, and you are sharing the fruits of their work.”

Many of the Samaritans of that town began to believe in him because of the word of the woman who testified, “He told me everything I have done.” When the Samaritans came to him, they invited him to stay with them; and he stayed there two days. Many more began to believe in him because of his word, and they said to the woman, “We no longer believe because of your word; for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is truly the Savior of the world” (John 4:4-42).

The Context of This Conversation

St. John tells us that the occasion of this conversation was that Jesus was on his way to Galilee from Judea and so had to pass through Samaria (Samaria is just north of Judea, and Galilee is just north of Samaria). That explains why Jesus is in Samaria in the first place. But John also mentions something else: the reason Jesus left Judea for Galilee was that the Pharisees were alerted to the fact that Jesus was making so many disciples, even more than John the Baptist. This likely provoked their envy and anger, so Jesus left Judea for a time. But did that mean that Jesus stopped making converts and disciples? No.

And this is where the conversation with the Samaritan woman comes in. Jesus wants to continue evangelizing, even beyond the district of the Jews. And so he begins this conversation in order to produce an abundant harvest of souls for the Kingdom of God: “Do you not say, ‘In four months the harvest will be here’? I tell you, look up and see the fields ripe for the harvest. The reaper is already receiving his payment and gathering crops for eternal life” (John 4:35-36). So this conversation is about evangelization.

Being Evangelized by This Conversation

The first thing that must happen when we read this conversation is that we have to place ourselves in the person of the Samaritan woman. We have to permit Jesus’ words to evangelize us, to bring about conversion in us. The conversion of this woman takes place in several stages or steps, and so we must walk along the same path, following the same steps as this woman in order to reap the fruit of conversion through this conversation.

We should notice too that this conversation has such extraordinary power because it is Christ, the God-man, who speaks. The power of God to move the human heart, and the power of Jesus’ words to communicate divine truths, is made manifest through a conversion that is both complete and sudden. For in no other way can we explain how a pagan woman living in sin and enslaved by her carnal desires is moved to confess Jesus as the Christ, as the Savior of the world, after a short conversation. And it is certain that her conversion is not simply a matter of words, for she immediately goes forth to confess Jesus to her people and in this way brings a multitude to salvation.

We too are in need of such a conversion, a conversion that is sudden and complete, a conversion that impels us to confess Jesus as the Christ and to bring others to him. How was this simple woman, so trapped in her sins, able to obtain such a tremendous infusion of grace? Perhaps if we could find out we might be able to imitate her and thus obtain for ourselves this same grace. Let us prayerfully investigate the scriptures and ask our Lord for the gift of understanding from his Holy Spirit so that we might be able to unlock the treasures that the words of the scriptures hold.

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Mar 18th 2020 Fr. Sebastian Walshe

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